Hockey: History and Derivatives

Hockey History and DerivativesThe word hockey was first recorded in a book from 1773 entitled Juvenile Sports and Pastimes, specifically under Chapter XI of it. The word was allegedly mentioned in King Edward IIIs 1363 proclamation. The wordÆs origin is unknown. Some said it was derived from a Middle French word hoquet, which translates into a shepherds stave. This is supposed to be a valid origin given that Edit My Profilethe curved end of a hockey stick does resemble such a stave. Another theory regarding the words origin relates to the use of cork bungs instead of a ball in the game. The cork bung was taken from barrels that contain hock ale. Historically, games involving a ball and curved sticks are prevalent in cultures of the world. Impressions of teams playing with sticks and a projectile are depicted in Egyptian carvings from 4000 years ago. Hurling, an Irish hockey-like game, dates back to way before 1272 BC. There is also evident that an early version of the game had been known in 600 BC Ancient Greece. The Daur people in Mongolia are familiar with a game similar to hockey for at least 1,000 years. Legislation about games and sports become the primary evident of the presence of hockey-like games in the Middle Ages. For example, the Galway Statute was enacted in 1527 establishing that games using hooked sticks are banned.

Hockey is known through its variants. There is bandy in Russia and Sweden, where it is played professionally. Specifically in Russia, bandy is a national sport. It is played outdoors and the rules are similar to association football. The IOC recognizes the game and it has the Federation of International Bandy as its international governing body. Field hockey is another derivative of the sport. The game is played on artificial turf (sand-based or water-based), natural grass, or gravel, using a 73-mm hard ball. The agen bola terpercaya game is quite popular in many parts of the world such as Argentina, South Africa, New Zealand, Australia, Asia, and Europe.

Ice hockey involves two skater teams on a large-sized flat ice and a rubber disc called puck. Ice hockey is popular in Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Finland, and Canada. Roller hockey is divided into two categories: inline and quad hockey. Ice sledge hockey, on the other hand, is designed for those with physical disabilities, specifically on lower bodies. Street hockey is played on a hard surface such as asphalt.

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